The split leading to the creation of Bitcoin Cash stemmed from a debate, within the Bitcoin community on how to scale the network effectively.
Bitcoin Cash proponents believed that the best solution was to increase the block size while Bitcoin supporters preferred using Witness (SegWit
) technology to enhance each block's capacity.
The result of the fork was the creation of two cryptocurrencies, with Bitcoin Cash carrying forward Bitcoins transaction history up until the fork date. Since then both Bitcoin and Bitcoin Cash have progressed independently each with its features and communities.